Direct Information Reweighted by Contact Templates: Improved RNA Contact Prediction by Combining Structural Features

29 Nov 2017  ·  Jian Yiren, Zeng Chen, Zhao Yunjie ·

It is acknowledged that co-evolutionary nucleotide-nucleotide interactions are essential for RNA structures and functions. Currently, direct coupling analysis (DCA) infers nucleotide contacts in a sequence from its homologous sequence alignment across different species... DCA and similar approaches that use sequence information alone usually yield a low accuracy, especially when the available homologous sequences are limited. Here we present a new method that incorporates a Restricted Boltzmann Machine (RBM) to augment the information on sequence co-variations with structural patterns in contact inference. We thus name our method DIRECT that stands for Direct Information REweighted by Contact Templates. Benchmark tests demonstrate that DIRECT produces a substantial enhancement of 13% in accuracy on average for contact prediction in comparison to the traditional DCA. These results suggest that DIRECT could be used for improving predictions of RNA tertiary structures and functions. The source codes and dataset of DIRECT are available at http:// http://zhao.phy.ccnu.edu.cn:8122/DIRECT/index.html. read more

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