Discovery-and-Selection: Towards Optimal Multiple Instance Learning for Weakly Supervised Object Detection

18 Oct 2021  ·  Shiwei Zhang, Wei Ke, Lin Yang ·

Weakly supervised object detection (WSOD) is a challenging task that requires simultaneously learn object classifiers and estimate object locations under the supervision of image category labels. A major line of WSOD methods roots in multiple instance learning which regards images as bags of instances and selects positive instances from each bag to learn the detector. However, a grand challenge emerges when the detector inclines to converge to discriminative parts of objects rather than the whole objects. In this paper, under the hypothesis that optimal solutions are included in local minima, we propose a discovery-and-selection approach fused with multiple instance learning (DS-MIL), which finds rich local minima and select optimal solution from multiple local minima. To implement DS-MIL, an attention module is proposed so that more context information can be captured by feature maps and more valuable proposals can be collected during training. With proposal candidates, a selection module is proposed to select informative instances for object detector. Experimental results on commonly used benchmarks show that our proposed DS-MIL approach can consistently improve the baselines, reporting state-of-the-art performance.

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