Distributed Adaptive Sampling for Kernel Matrix Approximation

27 Mar 2018  ·  Daniele Calandriello, Alessandro Lazaric, Michal Valko ·

Most kernel-based methods, such as kernel or Gaussian process regression, kernel PCA, ICA, or $k$-means clustering, do not scale to large datasets, because constructing and storing the kernel matrix $\mathbf{K}_n$ requires at least $\mathcal{O}(n^2)$ time and space for $n$ samples. Recent works show that sampling points with replacement according to their ridge leverage scores (RLS) generates small dictionaries of relevant points with strong spectral approximation guarantees for $\mathbf{K}_n$... The drawback of RLS-based methods is that computing exact RLS requires constructing and storing the whole kernel matrix. In this paper, we introduce SQUEAK, a new algorithm for kernel approximation based on RLS sampling that sequentially processes the dataset, storing a dictionary which creates accurate kernel matrix approximations with a number of points that only depends on the effective dimension $d_{eff}(\gamma)$ of the dataset. Moreover since all the RLS estimations are efficiently performed using only the small dictionary, SQUEAK is the first RLS sampling algorithm that never constructs the whole matrix $\mathbf{K}_n$, runs in linear time $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(nd_{eff}(\gamma)^3)$ w.r.t. $n$, and requires only a single pass over the dataset. We also propose a parallel and distributed version of SQUEAK that linearly scales across multiple machines, achieving similar accuracy in as little as $\widetilde{\mathcal{O}}(\log(n)d_{eff}(\gamma)^3)$ time. read more

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now



  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.