Graph Neural Networks for Distributed Power Allocation in Wireless Networks: Aggregation Over-the-Air

18 Jul 2022  ·  Yifan Gu, Changyang She, Zhi Quan, Chen Qiu, Xiaodong Xu ·

Distributed power allocation is important for interference-limited wireless networks with dense transceiver pairs. In this paper, we aim to design low signaling overhead distributed power allocation schemes by using graph neural networks (GNNs), which are scalable to the number of wireless links. We first apply the message passing neural network (MPNN), a unified framework of GNN, to solve the problem. We show that the signaling overhead grows quadratically as the network size increases. Inspired from the over-the-air computation (AirComp), we then propose an Air-MPNN framework, where the messages from neighboring nodes are represented by the transmit power of pilots and can be aggregated efficiently by evaluating the total interference power. The signaling overhead of Air-MPNN grows linearly as the network size increases, and we prove that Air-MPNN is permutation invariant. To further reduce the signaling overhead, we propose the Air message passing recurrent neural network (Air-MPRNN), where each node utilizes the graph embedding and local state in the previous frame to update the graph embedding in the current frame. Since existing communication systems send a pilot during each frame, Air-MPRNN can be integrated into the existing standards by adjusting pilot power. Simulation results validate the scalability of the proposed frameworks, and show that they outperform the existing power allocation algorithms in terms of sum-rate for various system parameters.

PDF Abstract


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here