Distributed Set-Based Observers Using Diffusion Strategy

23 Mar 2020  ·  Amr Alanwar, Jagat Jyoti Rath, Hazem Said, Karl Henrik Johansson, Matthias Althoff ·

Distributed estimation is more robust against single points of failure and requires less communication overhead compared to the centralized version. Among distributed estimation techniques, set-based estimation has gained much attention as it provides estimation guarantees for safety-critical applications and copes with unknown but bounded uncertainties. We propose two distributed set-based observers using interval-based and set-membership approaches for a linear discrete-time dynamical system with bounded modeling and measurement uncertainties. Both algorithms utilize a new over-approximating zonotopes intersection step named the set-based diffusion step. We use the term diffusion since our intersection of zonotopes formula resembles the traditional diffusion step in the stochastic Kalman filter. Our new zonotopes intersection takes linear time. Our set-based diffusion step decreases the estimation errors and the size of estimated sets and can be seen as a lightweight approach to achieve partial consensus between the distributed estimated sets. Every node shares its measurement with its neighbor in the measurement update step. The neighbors intersect their estimated sets constituting our proposed set-based diffusion step. We represent sets as zonotopes since they compactly represent high-dimensional sets, and they are closed under linear mapping and Minkowski addition. The applicability of our algorithms is demonstrated by a localization example. All used data and code to recreate our findings are publicly available

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