Domain Generalization for Activity Recognition via Adaptive Feature Fusion

Human activity recognition requires the efforts to build a generalizable model using the training datasets with the hope to achieve good performance in test datasets. However, in real applications, the training and testing datasets may have totally different distributions due to various reasons such as different body shapes, acting styles, and habits, damaging the model's generalization performance. While such a distribution gap can be reduced by existing domain adaptation approaches, they typically assume that the test data can be accessed in the training stage, which is not realistic. In this paper, we consider a more practical and challenging scenario: domain-generalized activity recognition (DGAR) where the test dataset \emph{cannot} be accessed during training. To this end, we propose \emph{Adaptive Feature Fusion for Activity Recognition~(AFFAR)}, a domain generalization approach that learns to fuse the domain-invariant and domain-specific representations to improve the model's generalization performance. AFFAR takes the best of both worlds where domain-invariant representations enhance the transferability across domains and domain-specific representations leverage the model discrimination power from each domain. Extensive experiments on three public HAR datasets show its effectiveness. Furthermore, we apply AFFAR to a real application, i.e., the diagnosis of Children's Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder~(ADHD), which also demonstrates the superiority of our approach.

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