Alleviating Mode Collapse in GAN via Diversity Penalty Module

The vanilla GAN (Goodfellow et al. 2014) suffers from mode collapse deeply, which usually manifests as that the images generated by generators tend to have a high similarity amongst them, even though their corresponding latent vectors have been very different. In this paper, we introduce a pluggable diversity penalty module (DPM) to alleviate mode collapse of GANs... It reduces the similarity of image pairs in feature space, i.e., if two latent vectors are different, then we enforce the generator to generate two images with different features. The normalized Gram matrix is used to measure the similarity. We compare the proposed method with Unrolled GAN (Metz et al. 2016), BourGAN (Xiao, Zhong, and Zheng 2018), PacGAN (Lin et al. 2018), VEEGAN (Srivastava et al. 2017) and ALI (Dumoulin et al. 2016) on 2D synthetic dataset, and results show that the diversity penalty module can help GAN capture much more modes of the data distribution. Further, in classification tasks, we apply this method as image data augmentation on MNIST, Fashion- MNIST and CIFAR-10, and the classification testing accuracy is improved by 0.24%, 1.34% and 0.52% compared with WGAN GP (Gulrajani et al. 2017), respectively. In domain translation, diversity penalty module can help StarGAN (Choi et al. 2018) generate more accurate attention masks and accelarate the convergence process. Finally, we quantitatively evaluate the proposed method with IS and FID on CelebA, CIFAR-10, MNIST and Fashion-MNIST, and the results suggest GAN with diversity penalty module gets much higher IS and lower FID compared with some SOTA GAN architectures. read more

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