Dynamic LLM-Agent Network: An LLM-agent Collaboration Framework with Agent Team Optimization

3 Oct 2023  ·  Zijun Liu, Yanzhe Zhang, Peng Li, Yang Liu, Diyi Yang ·

Large language model (LLM) agents have been shown effective on a wide range of tasks, and by ensembling multiple LLM agents, their performances could be further improved. Existing approaches employ a fixed set of agents to interact with each other in a static architecture, which limits their generalizability to various tasks and requires strong human prior in designing these agents. In this work, we propose to construct a strategic team of agents communicating in a dynamic interaction architecture based on the task query. Specifically, we build a framework named Dynamic LLM-Agent Network ($\textbf{DyLAN}$) for LLM-agent collaboration on complicated tasks like reasoning and code generation. DyLAN enables agents to interact for multiple rounds in a dynamic architecture with inference-time agent selection and an early-stopping mechanism to improve performance and efficiency. We further design an automatic agent team optimization algorithm based on an unsupervised metric termed $\textit{Agent Importance Score}$, enabling the selection of best agents based on the contribution each agent makes. Empirically, we demonstrate that DyLAN performs well in both reasoning and code generation tasks with reasonable computational cost. DyLAN achieves 13.0% and 13.3% improvement on MATH and HumanEval, respectively, compared to a single execution on GPT-35-turbo. On specific subjects of MMLU, agent team optimization in DyLAN increases accuracy by up to 25.0%.

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