Edge Adaptive Hybrid Regularization Model For Image Deblurring

20 Nov 2020  ·  Tingting Zhang, Jie Chen, Caiying Wu, Zhifei He, Tieyong Zeng, Qiyu Jin ·

The parameter selection is crucial to regularization based image restoration methods. Generally speaking, a spatially fixed parameter for regularization item in the whole image does not perform well for both edge and smooth areas. A larger parameter of regularization item reduces noise better in smooth areas but blurs edge regions, while a small parameter sharpens edge but causes residual noise. In this paper, an automated spatially adaptive regularization model, which combines the harmonic and TV models, is proposed for reconstruction of noisy and blurred images. In the proposed model, it detects the edges and then spatially adjusts the parameters of Tikhonov and TV regularization terms for each pixel according to the edge information. Accordingly, the edge information matrix will be also dynamically updated during the iterations. Computationally, the newly-established model is convex, which can be solved by the semi-proximal alternating direction method of multipliers (sPADMM) with a linear-rate convergence rate. Numerical simulation results demonstrate that the proposed model effectively reserves the image edges and eliminates the noise and blur at the same time. In comparison to state-of-the-art algorithms, it outperforms other methods in terms of PSNR, SSIM and visual quality.

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