Edge-labeling Graph Neural Network for Few-shot Learning

In this paper, we propose a novel edge-labeling graph neural network (EGNN), which adapts a deep neural network on the edge-labeling graph, for few-shot learning. The previous graph neural network (GNN) approaches in few-shot learning have been based on the node-labeling framework, which implicitly models the intra-cluster similarity and the inter-cluster dissimilarity. In contrast, the proposed EGNN learns to predict the edge-labels rather than the node-labels on the graph that enables the evolution of an explicit clustering by iteratively updating the edge-labels with direct exploitation of both intra-cluster similarity and the inter-cluster dissimilarity. It is also well suited for performing on various numbers of classes without retraining, and can be easily extended to perform a transductive inference. The parameters of the EGNN are learned by episodic training with an edge-labeling loss to obtain a well-generalizable model for unseen low-data problem. On both of the supervised and semi-supervised few-shot image classification tasks with two benchmark datasets, the proposed EGNN significantly improves the performances over the existing GNNs.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Few-Shot Image Classification Mini-Imagenet 5-way (5-shot) EGNN + Transduction Accuracy 76.37 # 47
Image Classification Tiered ImageNet 5-way (5-shot) EGNN+Transduction Accuracy 80.15 # 1

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