Effective Slot Filling via Weakly-Supervised Dual-Model Learning

AAAI 2021  ·  Jue Wang, Ke Chen, Lidan Shou, Sai Wu, Gang Chen ·

Slot filling is a challenging task in Spoken Language Understanding (SLU). Supervised methods usually require large amounts of annotation to maintain desirable performance. A solution to relieve the heavy dependency on labeled data is to employ bootstrapping, which leverages unlabeled data. However, bootstrapping is known to suffer from semantic drift. We argue that semantic drift can be tackled by exploiting the correlation between slot values (phrases) and their respective types. By using some particular weakly-labeled data, namely the plain phrases included in sentences, we propose a weaklysupervised slot filling approach. Our approach trains two models, namely a classifier and a tagger, which can effectively learn from each other on the weakly-labeled data. The experimental results demonstrate that our approach achieves better results than standard baselines on multiple datasets, especially in the low-resource setting.

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