Efficient and Accurate Hyperspectral Pansharpening Using 3D VolumeNet and 2.5D Texture Transfer

8 Mar 2022  ·  Yinao Li, Yutaro Iwamoto, Ryousuke Nakamura, Lanfen Lin, Ruofeng Tong, Yen-Wei Chen ·

Recently, convolutional neural networks (CNN) have obtained promising results in single-image SR for hyperspectral pansharpening. However, enhancing CNNs' representation ability with fewer parameters and a shorter prediction time is a challenging and critical task. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-spectral image fusion method using a combination of the previously proposed 3D CNN model VolumeNet and 2.5D texture transfer method using other modality high resolution (HR) images. Since a multi-spectral (MS) image consists of several bands and each band is a 2D image slice, MS images can be seen as 3D data. Thus, we use the previously proposed VolumeNet to fuse HR panchromatic (PAN) images and bicubic interpolated MS images. Because the proposed 3D VolumeNet can effectively improve the accuracy by expanding the receptive field of the model, and due to its lightweight structure, we can achieve better performance against the existing method without purchasing a large number of remote sensing images for training. In addition, VolumeNet can restore the high-frequency information lost in the HR MR image as much as possible, reducing the difficulty of feature extraction in the following step: 2.5D texture transfer. As one of the latest technologies, deep learning-based texture transfer has been demonstrated to effectively and efficiently improve the visual performance and quality evaluation indicators of image reconstruction. Different from the texture transfer processing of RGB image, we use HR PAN images as the reference images and perform texture transfer for each frequency band of MS images, which is named 2.5D texture transfer. The experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods in terms of objective accuracy assessment, method efficiency, and visual subjective evaluation.

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