Efficient EM Training of Gaussian Mixtures with Missing Data

4 Sep 2012  ·  Olivier Delalleau, Aaron Courville, Yoshua Bengio ·

In data-mining applications, we are frequently faced with a large fraction of missing entries in the data matrix, which is problematic for most discriminant machine learning algorithms. A solution that we explore in this paper is the use of a generative model (a mixture of Gaussians) to compute the conditional expectation of the missing variables given the observed variables... Since training a Gaussian mixture with many different patterns of missing values can be computationally very expensive, we introduce a spanning-tree based algorithm that significantly speeds up training in these conditions. We also observe that good results can be obtained by using the generative model to fill-in the missing values for a separate discriminant learning algorithm. read more

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