Efficient Hyperparameter Optimization for Differentially Private Deep Learning

9 Aug 2021  ·  Aman Priyanshu, Rakshit Naidu, FatemehSadat Mireshghallah, Mohammad Malekzadeh ·

Tuning the hyperparameters in the differentially private stochastic gradient descent (DPSGD) is a fundamental challenge. Unlike the typical SGD, private datasets cannot be used many times for hyperparameter search in DPSGD; e.g., via a grid search... Therefore, there is an essential need for algorithms that, within a given search space, can find near-optimal hyperparameters for the best achievable privacy-utility tradeoffs efficiently. We formulate this problem into a general optimization framework for establishing a desirable privacy-utility tradeoff, and systematically study three cost-effective algorithms for being used in the proposed framework: evolutionary, Bayesian, and reinforcement learning. Our experiments, for hyperparameter tuning in DPSGD conducted on MNIST and CIFAR-10 datasets, show that these three algorithms significantly outperform the widely used grid search baseline. As this paper offers a first-of-a-kind framework for hyperparameter tuning in DPSGD, we discuss existing challenges and open directions for future studies. As we believe our work has implications to be utilized in the pipeline of private deep learning, we open-source our code at https://github.com/AmanPriyanshu/DP-HyperparamTuning. read more

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