Emergent Communication through Metropolis-Hastings Naming Game with Deep Generative Models

24 May 2022  ·  Tadahiro Taniguchi, Yuto Yoshida, Akira Taniguchi, Yoshinobu Hagiwara ·

Emergent communication, also known as symbol emergence, seeks to investigate computational models that can better explain human language evolution and the creation of symbol systems. This study aims to provide a new model for emergent communication, which is based on a probabilistic generative model. We define the Metropolis-Hastings (MH) naming game by generalizing a model proposed by Hagiwara et al. \cite{hagiwara2019symbol}. The MH naming game is a sort of MH algorithm for an integrative probabilistic generative model that combines two agents playing the naming game. From this viewpoint, symbol emergence is regarded as decentralized Bayesian inference, and semiotic communication is regarded as inter-personal cross-modal inference. We also offer Inter-GMM+VAE, a deep generative model for simulating emergent communication, in which two agents create internal representations and categories and share signs (i.e., names of objects) from raw visual images observed from different viewpoints. The model has been validated on MNIST and Fruits 360 datasets. Experiment findings show that categories are formed from real images observed by agents, and signs are correctly shared across agents by successfully utilizing both of the agents' views via the MH naming game. Furthermore, it has been verified that the visual images were recalled from the signs uttered by the agents. Notably, emergent communication without supervision and reward feedback improved the performance of unsupervised representation learning.

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