End-to-End Code-Switching ASR for Low-Resourced Language Pairs

27 Sep 2019  ·  Xianghu Yue, Grandee Lee, Emre Yilmaz, Fang Deng, Haizhou Li ·

Despite the significant progress in end-to-end (E2E) automatic speech recognition (ASR), E2E ASR for low resourced code-switching (CS) speech has not been well studied. In this work, we describe an E2E ASR pipeline for the recognition of CS speech in which a low-resourced language is mixed with a high resourced language. Low-resourcedness in acoustic data hinders the performance of E2E ASR systems more severely than the conventional ASR systems.~To mitigate this problem in the transcription of archives with code-switching Frisian-Dutch speech, we integrate a designated decoding scheme and perform rescoring with neural network-based language models to enable better utilization of the available textual resources. We first incorporate a multi-graph decoding approach which creates parallel search spaces for each monolingual and mixed recognition tasks to maximize the utilization of the textual resources from each language. Further, language model rescoring is performed using a recurrent neural network pre-trained with cross-lingual embedding and further adapted with the limited amount of in-domain CS text. The ASR experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the described techniques in improving the recognition performance of an E2E CS ASR system in a low-resourced scenario.

PDF Abstract


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here