English to Manipuri and Mizo Post-Editing Effort and its Impact on Low Resource Machine Translation

We present the first study on the post-editing (PE) effort required to build a parallel dataset for English-Manipuri and English-Mizo, in the context of a project on creating data for machine translation (MT). English source text from a local daily newspaper are machine translated into Manipuri and Mizo using PBSMT systems built in-house. A Computer Assisted Translation (CAT) tool is used to record the time, keystroke and other indicators to measure PE effort in terms of temporal and technical effort. A positive correlation between the technical effort and the number of function words is seen for English-Manipuri and English-Mizo but a negative correlation between the technical effort and the number of noun words for English-Mizo. However, average time spent per token in PE English-Mizo text is negatively correlated with the temporal effort. The main reason for these results are due to (i) English and Mizo using the same script, while Manipuri uses a different script and (ii) the agglutinative nature of Manipuri. Further, we check the impact of training a MT system in an incremental approach, by including the post-edited dataset as additional training data. The result shows an increase in HBLEU of up to 4.6 for English-Manipuri.

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