Ensemble Knowledge Distillation for Learning Improved and Efficient Networks

17 Sep 2019  ·  Umar Asif, Jianbin Tang, Stefan Harrer ·

Ensemble models comprising of deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) have shown significant improvements in model generalization but at the cost of large computation and memory requirements. In this paper, we present a framework for learning compact CNN models with improved classification performance and model generalization. For this, we propose a CNN architecture of a compact student model with parallel branches which are trained using ground truth labels and information from high capacity teacher networks in an ensemble learning fashion. Our framework provides two main benefits: i) Distilling knowledge from different teachers into the student network promotes heterogeneity in feature learning at different branches of the student network and enables the network to learn diverse solutions to the target problem. ii) Coupling the branches of the student network through ensembling encourages collaboration and improves the quality of the final predictions by reducing variance in the network outputs. Experiments on the well established CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100 datasets show that our Ensemble Knowledge Distillation (EKD) improves classification accuracy and model generalization especially in situations with limited training data. Experiments also show that our EKD based compact networks outperform in terms of mean accuracy on the test datasets compared to state-of-the-art knowledge distillation based methods.

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Knowledge Distillation ImageNet ADLIK-MO-P25(T:SeNet154, ResNet152b S:ResNet-50-prune25%) Top-1 accuracy % 78.79 # 5
model size 56.9M # 3
CRD training setting # 1
Knowledge Distillation ImageNet ADLIK-MO-P50(T:SeNet154, ResNet152b S:ResNet-50-half) Top-1 accuracy % 76.376 # 10
model size 27M # 6
CRD training setting # 1
Knowledge Distillation ImageNet ADLIK-MO-P375(T:SeNet154, ResNet152b S:ResNet-50-prune37.5) Top-1 accuracy % 78.07 # 6
model size 40.5M # 4
CRD training setting # 1