Optimization of Network Throughput of Joint Radar Communication System Using Stochastic Geometry

10 Jan 2022  ·  Shobha Sundar Ram, Gourab Ghatak ·

Recently joint radar communication (JRC) systems have gained considerable interest for several applications such as vehicular communications, indoor localization and activity recognition, covert military communications, and satellite-based remote sensing. In these frameworks, bistatic/passive radar deployments with directional beams explore the angular search space and identify mobile users/radar targets. Subsequently, directional communication links are established with these mobile users. Consequently, JRC parameters such as the time trade-off between the radar exploration and communication service tasks have direct implications on the network throughput. Using tools from stochastic geometry (SG), we derive several system design and planning insights for deploying such networks and demonstrate how efficient radar detection can augment the communication throughput in a JRC system. Specifically, we provide a generalized analytical framework to maximize the network throughput by optimizing JRC parameters such as the exploration/exploitation duty cycle, the radar bandwidth, the transmit power, and the pulse repetition interval. The analysis is further extended to monostatic radar conditions, which is a special case in our framework. The theoretical results are experimentally validated through Monte Carlo simulations. Our analysis highlights that for a larger bistatic range, lower operating bandwidth and a higher duty cycle must be employed to maximize the network throughput. Furthermore, we demonstrate how a reduced success in radar detection due to higher clutter density deteriorates the overall network throughput. Finally, we show peak reliability of 70% of the JRC link metrics for a single bistatic transceiver configuration.

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