Example-Guided Image Synthesis across Arbitrary Scenes using Masked Spatial-Channel Attention and Self-Supervision

18 Apr 2020  ·  Haitian Zheng, Haofu Liao, Lele Chen, Wei Xiong, Tianlang Chen, Jiebo Luo ·

Example-guided image synthesis has recently been attempted to synthesize an image from a semantic label map and an exemplary image. In the task, the additional exemplar image provides the style guidance that controls the appearance of the synthesized output. Despite the controllability advantage, the existing models are designed on datasets with specific and roughly aligned objects. In this paper, we tackle a more challenging and general task, where the exemplar is an arbitrary scene image that is semantically different from the given label map. To this end, we first propose a Masked Spatial-Channel Attention (MSCA) module which models the correspondence between two arbitrary scenes via efficient decoupled attention. Next, we propose an end-to-end network for joint global and local feature alignment and synthesis. Finally, we propose a novel self-supervision task to enable training. Experiments on the large-scale and more diverse COCO-stuff dataset show significant improvements over the existing methods. Moreover, our approach provides interpretability and can be readily extended to other content manipulation tasks including style and spatial interpolation or extrapolation.

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