Exploring the Limits of Weakly Supervised Pretraining

State-of-the-art visual perception models for a wide range of tasks rely on supervised pretraining. ImageNet classification is the de facto pretraining task for these models. Yet, ImageNet is now nearly ten years old and is by modern standards "small". Even so, relatively little is known about the behavior of pretraining with datasets that are multiple orders of magnitude larger. The reasons are obvious: such datasets are difficult to collect and annotate. In this paper, we present a unique study of transfer learning with large convolutional networks trained to predict hashtags on billions of social media images. Our experiments demonstrate that training for large-scale hashtag prediction leads to excellent results. We show improvements on several image classification and object detection tasks, and report the highest ImageNet-1k single-crop, top-1 accuracy to date: 85.4% (97.6% top-5). We also perform extensive experiments that provide novel empirical data on the relationship between large-scale pretraining and transfer learning performance.

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ImageNet COCO Places JFT-300M

Results from the Paper

Ranked #109 on Image Classification on ImageNet (using extra training data)

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Uses Extra
Training Data
Result Benchmark
Image Classification ImageNet ResNeXt-101 32x32d Top 1 Accuracy 85.1% # 124
Top 5 Accuracy 97.5% # 23
Number of params 466M # 31
Image Classification ImageNet ResNeXt-101 32x48d Top 1 Accuracy 85.4% # 109
Top 5 Accuracy 97.6% # 20
Number of params 829M # 13
Image Classification ImageNet ResNeXt-101 32x8d Top 1 Accuracy 82.2% # 280
Top 5 Accuracy 96.4% # 63
Number of params 88M # 85
Image Classification ImageNet ResNeXt-101 32×16d Top 1 Accuracy 84.2% # 159
Top 5 Accuracy 97.2% # 33
Number of params 194M # 57