F-Divergences and Cost Function Locality in Generative Modelling with Quantum Circuits

8 Oct 2021  ·  Chiara Leadbeater, Louis Sharrock, Brian Coyle, Marcello Benedetti ·

Generative modelling is an important unsupervised task in machine learning. In this work, we study a hybrid quantum-classical approach to this task, based on the use of a quantum circuit Born machine... In particular, we consider training a quantum circuit Born machine using $f$-divergences. We first discuss the adversarial framework for generative modelling, which enables the estimation of any $f$-divergence in the near term. Based on this capability, we introduce two heuristics which demonstrably improve the training of the Born machine. The first is based on $f$-divergence switching during training. The second introduces locality to the divergence, a strategy which has proved important in similar applications in terms of mitigating barren plateaus. Finally, we discuss the long-term implications of quantum devices for computing $f$-divergences, including algorithms which provide quadratic speedups to their estimation. In particular, we generalise existing algorithms for estimating the Kullback-Leibler divergence and the total variation distance to obtain a fault-tolerant quantum algorithm for estimating another $f$-divergence, namely, the Pearson divergence. read more

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