Fairness-Aware Learning with Restriction of Universal Dependency using f-Divergences

25 Jun 2015  ·  Kazuto Fukuchi, Jun Sakuma ·

Fairness-aware learning is a novel framework for classification tasks. Like regular empirical risk minimization (ERM), it aims to learn a classifier with a low error rate, and at the same time, for the predictions of the classifier to be independent of sensitive features, such as gender, religion, race, and ethnicity... Existing methods can achieve low dependencies on given samples, but this is not guaranteed on unseen samples. The existing fairness-aware learning algorithms employ different dependency measures, and each algorithm is specifically designed for a particular one. Such diversity makes it difficult to theoretically analyze and compare them. In this paper, we propose a general framework for fairness-aware learning that uses f-divergences and that covers most of the dependency measures employed in the existing methods. We introduce a way to estimate the f-divergences that allows us to give a unified analysis for the upper bound of the estimation error; this bound is tighter than that of the existing convergence rate analysis of the divergence estimation. With our divergence estimate, we propose a fairness-aware learning algorithm, and perform a theoretical analysis of its generalization error. Our analysis reveals that, under mild assumptions and even with enforcement of fairness, the generalization error of our method is $O(\sqrt{1/n})$, which is the same as that of the regular ERM. In addition, and more importantly, we show that, for any f-divergence, the upper bound of the estimation error of the divergence is $O(\sqrt{1/n})$. This indicates that our fairness-aware learning algorithm guarantees low dependencies on unseen samples for any dependency measure represented by an f-divergence. read more

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here