FCN-Transformer Feature Fusion for Polyp Segmentation

17 Aug 2022  ·  Edward Sanderson, Bogdan J. Matuszewski ·

Colonoscopy is widely recognised as the gold standard procedure for the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). Segmentation is valuable for two significant clinical applications, namely lesion detection and classification, providing means to improve accuracy and robustness. The manual segmentation of polyps in colonoscopy images is time-consuming. As a result, the use of deep learning (DL) for automation of polyp segmentation has become important. However, DL-based solutions can be vulnerable to overfitting and the resulting inability to generalise to images captured by different colonoscopes. Recent transformer-based architectures for semantic segmentation both achieve higher performance and generalise better than alternatives, however typically predict a segmentation map of $\frac{h}{4}\times\frac{w}{4}$ spatial dimensions for a $h\times w$ input image. To this end, we propose a new architecture for full-size segmentation which leverages the strengths of a transformer in extracting the most important features for segmentation in a primary branch, while compensating for its limitations in full-size prediction with a secondary fully convolutional branch. The resulting features from both branches are then fused for final prediction of a $h\times w$ segmentation map. We demonstrate our method's state-of-the-art performance with respect to the mDice, mIoU, mPrecision, and mRecall metrics, on both the Kvasir-SEG and CVC-ClinicDB dataset benchmarks. Additionally, we train the model on each of these datasets and evaluate on the other to demonstrate its superior generalisation performance.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Medical Image Segmentation CVC-ClinicDB FCBFormer mean Dice 0.9469 # 8
mIoU 0.9020 # 8
Medical Image Segmentation Kvasir-SEG FCBFormer mean Dice 0.9385 # 5
mIoU 0.8903 # 7


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