Few-shot Segmentation with Optimal Transport Matching and Message Flow

19 Aug 2021  ·  Weide Liu, Chi Zhang, Henghui Ding, Tzu-Yi Hung, Guosheng Lin ·

We tackle the challenging task of few-shot segmentation in this work. It is essential for few-shot semantic segmentation to fully utilize the support information. Previous methods typically adopt masked average pooling over the support feature to extract the support clues as a global vector, usually dominated by the salient part and lost certain essential clues. In this work, we argue that every support pixel's information is desired to be transferred to all query pixels and propose a Correspondence Matching Network (CMNet) with an Optimal Transport Matching module to mine out the correspondence between the query and support images. Besides, it is critical to fully utilize both local and global information from the annotated support images. To this end, we propose a Message Flow module to propagate the message along the inner-flow inside the same image and cross-flow between support and query images, which greatly helps enhance the local feature representations. Experiments on PASCAL VOC 2012, MS COCO, and FSS-1000 datasets show that our network achieves new state-of-the-art few-shot segmentation performance.

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