Fine-Grained Land Use Classification at the City Scale Using Ground-Level Images

7 Feb 2018  ·  Yi Zhu, Xueqing Deng, Shawn Newsam ·

We perform fine-grained land use mapping at the city scale using ground-level images. Mapping land use is considerably more difficult than mapping land cover and is generally not possible using overhead imagery as it requires close-up views and seeing inside buildings... We postulate that the growing collections of georeferenced, ground-level images suggest an alternate approach to this geographic knowledge discovery problem. We develop a general framework that uses Flickr images to map 45 different land-use classes for the City of San Francisco. Individual images are classified using a novel convolutional neural network containing two streams, one for recognizing objects and another for recognizing scenes. This network is trained in an end-to-end manner directly on the labeled training images. We propose several strategies to overcome the noisiness of our user-generated data including search-based training set augmentation and online adaptive training. We derive a ground truth map of San Francisco in order to evaluate our method. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach through geo-visualization and quantitative analysis. Our framework achieves over 29% recall at the individual land parcel level which represents a strong baseline for the challenging 45-way land use classification problem especially given the noisiness of the image data. read more

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