FishSegSSL: A Semi-Supervised Semantic Segmentation Framework for Fish-Eye Images

The application of large field-of-view (FoV) cameras equipped with fish-eye lenses brings notable advantages to various real-world computer vision applications, including autonomous driving. While deep learning has proven successful in conventional computer vision applications using regular perspective images, its potential in fish-eye camera contexts remains largely unexplored due to limited datasets for fully supervised learning. Semi-supervised learning comes as a potential solution to manage this challenge. In this study, we explore and benchmark two popular semi-supervised methods from the perspective image domain for fish-eye image segmentation. We further introduce FishSegSSL, a novel fish-eye image segmentation framework featuring three semi-supervised components: pseudo-label filtering, dynamic confidence thresholding, and robust strong augmentation. Evaluation on the WoodScape dataset, collected from vehicle-mounted fish-eye cameras, demonstrates that our proposed method enhances the model’s performance by up to 10.49% over fully supervised methods using the same amount of labeled data. Our method also improves the existing image segmentation methods by 2.34%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work on semi-supervised semantic segmentation on fish-eye images. Additionally, we conduct a comprehensive ablation study and sensitivity analysis to showcase the efficacy of each proposed method in this research.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Semi-Supervised Semantic Segmentation WoodScape FishSegSSL Mean IoU 64.81 # 1


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