Fixed-size Objects Encoding for Visual Relationship Detection

29 May 2020  ·  Hengyue Pan, Xin Niu, Rongchun Li, Siqi Shen, Yong Dou ·

In this paper, we propose a fixed-size object encoding method (FOE-VRD) to improve performance of visual relationship detection tasks. Comparing with previous methods, FOE-VRD has an important feature, i.e., it uses one fixed-size vector to encoding all objects in each input image to assist the process of relationship detection. Firstly, we use a regular convolution neural network as a feature extractor to generate high-level features of input images. Then, for each relationship triplet in input images, i.e., $<$subject-predicate-object$>$, we apply ROI-pooling to get feature vectors of two regions on the feature maps that corresponding to bounding boxes of the subject and object. Besides the subject and object, our analysis implies that the results of predicate classification may also related to the rest objects in input images (we call them background objects). Due to the variable number of background objects in different images and computational costs, we cannot generate feature vectors for them one-by-one by using ROI pooling technique. Instead, we propose a novel method to encode all background objects in each image by using one fixed-size vector (i.e., FBE vector). By concatenating the 3 vectors we generate above, we successfully encode the objects using one fixed-size vector. The generated feature vector is then feed into a fully connected neural network to get predicate classification results. Experimental results on VRD database (entire set and zero-shot tests) show that the proposed method works well on both predicate classification and relationship detection.

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