Flexi-Transducer: Optimizing Latency, Accuracy and Compute forMulti-Domain On-Device Scenarios

Often, the storage and computational constraints of embeddeddevices demand that a single on-device ASR model serve multiple use-cases / domains. In this paper, we propose aFlexibleTransducer(FlexiT) for on-device automatic speech recognition to flexibly deal with multiple use-cases / domains with different accuracy and latency requirements. Specifically, using a single compact model, FlexiT provides a fast response for voice commands, and accurate transcription but with more latency for dictation. In order to achieve flexible and better accuracy and latency trade-offs, the following techniques are used. Firstly, we propose using domain-specific altering of segment size for Emformer encoder that enables FlexiT to achieve flexible de-coding. Secondly, we use Alignment Restricted RNNT loss to achieve flexible fine-grained control on token emission latency for different domains. Finally, we add a domain indicator vector as an additional input to the FlexiT model. Using the combination of techniques, we show that a single model can be used to improve WERs and real time factor for dictation scenarios while maintaining optimal latency for voice commands use-cases

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