Flexible Neural Image Compression via Code Editing

19 Sep 2022  ·  Chenjian Gao, Tongda Xu, Dailan He, Hongwei Qin, Yan Wang ·

Neural image compression (NIC) has outperformed traditional image codecs in rate-distortion (R-D) performance. However, it usually requires a dedicated encoder-decoder pair for each point on R-D curve, which greatly hinders its practical deployment. While some recent works have enabled bitrate control via conditional coding, they impose strong prior during training and provide limited flexibility. In this paper we propose Code Editing, a highly flexible coding method for NIC based on semi-amortized inference and adaptive quantization. Our work is a new paradigm for variable bitrate NIC. Furthermore, experimental results show that our method surpasses existing variable-rate methods, and achieves ROI coding and multi-distortion trade-off with a single decoder.

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