Frequency Dynamic Convolution: Frequency-Adaptive Pattern Recognition for Sound Event Detection

29 Mar 2022  ·  Hyeonuk Nam, Seong-Hu Kim, Byeong-Yun Ko, Yong-Hwa Park ·

2D convolution is widely used in sound event detection (SED) to recognize two dimensional time-frequency patterns of sound events. However, 2D convolution enforces translation equivariance on sound events along both time and frequency axis while frequency is not shift-invariant dimension. In order to improve physical consistency of 2D convolution on SED, we propose frequency dynamic convolution which applies kernel that adapts to frequency components of input. Frequency dynamic convolution outperforms the baseline by 6.3% in DESED validation dataset in terms of polyphonic sound detection score (PSDS). It also significantly outperforms other pre-existing content-adaptive methods on SED. In addition, by comparing class-wise F1 scores of baseline and frequency dynamic convolution, we showed that frequency dynamic convolution is especially more effective for detection of non-stationary sound events with intricate time-frequency patterns. From this result, we verified that frequency dynamic convolution is superior in recognizing frequency-dependent patterns.

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Sound Event Detection DESED FDY-CRNN event-based F1 score 54.0 # 2
PSDS1 0.452 # 2
PSDS2 0.670 # 4