From Witch's Shot to Music Making Bones - Resources for Medical Laymen to Technical Language and Vice Versa

Many people share information in social media or forums, like food they eat, sports activities they do or events which have been visited. Information we share online unveil directly or indirectly information about our lifestyle and health situation. Particularly when text input is getting longer or multiple messages can be linked to each other. Those information can be then used to detect possible risk factors of diseases or adverse drug reactions of medications. However, as most people are not medical experts, language used might be more descriptive rather than the precise medical expression as medics do. To detect and use those relevant information, laymen language has to be translated and/or linked against the corresponding medical concept. This work presents baseline data sources in order to address this challenge for German language. We introduce a new dataset which annotates medical laymen and technical expressions in a patient forum, along with a set of medical synonyms and definitions, and present first baseline results on the data.

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