Fusion Subspace Clustering: Full and Incomplete Data

2 Aug 2018  ·  Daniel L. Pimentel-Alarcón, Usman Mahmood ·

Modern inference and learning often hinge on identifying low-dimensional structures that approximate large scale data. Subspace clustering achieves this through a union of linear subspaces... However, in contemporary applications data is increasingly often incomplete, rendering standard (full-data) methods inapplicable. On the other hand, existing incomplete-data methods present major drawbacks, like lifting an already high-dimensional problem, or requiring a super polynomial number of samples. Motivated by this, we introduce a new subspace clustering algorithm inspired by fusion penalties. The main idea is to permanently assign each datum to a subspace of its own, and minimize the distance between the subspaces of all data, so that subspaces of the same cluster get fused together. Our approach is entirely new to both, full and missing data, and unlike other methods, it directly allows noise, it requires no liftings, it allows low, high, and even full-rank data, it approaches optimal (information-theoretic) sampling rates, and it does not rely on other methods such as low-rank matrix completion to handle missing data. Furthermore, our extensive experiments on both real and synthetic data show that our approach performs comparably to the state-of-the-art with complete data, and dramatically better if data is missing. read more

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