Gated Context Model with Embedded Priors for Deep Image Compression

27 Feb 2019  ·  Haojie Liu, Tong Chen, Peiyao Guo, Qiu Shen, Zhan Ma ·

A deep image compression scheme is proposed in this paper, offering the state-of-the-art compression efficiency, against the traditional JPEG, JPEG2000, BPG and those popular learning based methodologies. This is achieved by a novel conditional probably model with embedded priors which can accurately approximate the entropy rate for rate-distortion optimization. It utilizes three separable stacks to eliminate the blind spots in the receptive field for better probability prediction and computation reduction. Those embedded priors can be further used to help the image reconstruction when fused with latent features, after passing through the proposed information compensation network (ICN). Residual learning with generalized divisive normalization (GDN) based activation is used in our encoder and decoder with fast convergence rate and efficient performance. We have evaluated our model and other methods using rate-distortion criteria, where distortion is measured by multi-scale structural similarity (MS-SSIM). We have also discussed the impacts of various distortion metrics on the reconstructed image quality. Besides, a field study on perceptual quality is also given via a dedicated subjective assessment, to compare the efficiency of our proposed methods and other conventional image compression methods.

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