Gene-associated Disease Discovery Powered by Large Language Models

16 Jan 2024  ·  Jiayu Chang, Shiyu Wang, Chen Ling, Zhaohui Qin, Liang Zhao ·

The intricate relationship between genetic variation and human diseases has been a focal point of medical research, evidenced by the identification of risk genes regarding specific diseases. The advent of advanced genome sequencing techniques has significantly improved the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of detecting these genetic markers, playing a crucial role in disease diagnosis and forming the basis for clinical decision-making and early risk assessment. To overcome the limitations of existing databases that record disease-gene associations from existing literature, which often lack real-time updates, we propose a novel framework employing Large Language Models (LLMs) for the discovery of diseases associated with specific genes. This framework aims to automate the labor-intensive process of sifting through medical literature for evidence linking genetic variations to diseases, thereby enhancing the efficiency of disease identification. Our approach involves using LLMs to conduct literature searches, summarize relevant findings, and pinpoint diseases related to specific genes. This paper details the development and application of our LLM-powered framework, demonstrating its potential in streamlining the complex process of literature retrieval and summarization to identify diseases associated with specific genetic variations.

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