General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

13 Jan 2011Andy BuckleyJonathan ButterworthStefan GiesekeDavid GrellscheidStefan HocheHendrik HoethFrank KraussLeif LonnbladEmily NursePeter RichardsonSteffen SchumannMichael H. SeymourTorbjorn SjostrandPeter SkandsBryan Webber

We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard-scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond-Standard-Model processes... (read more)

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