Generalizable Representation Learning for Mixture Domain Face Anti-Spoofing

6 May 2021  ·  Zhihong Chen, Taiping Yao, Kekai Sheng, Shouhong Ding, Ying Tai, Jilin Li, Feiyue Huang, Xinyu Jin ·

Face anti-spoofing approach based on domain generalization(DG) has drawn growing attention due to its robustness forunseen scenarios. Existing DG methods assume that the do-main label is known.However, in real-world applications, thecollected dataset always contains mixture domains, where thedomain label is unknown. In this case, most of existing meth-ods may not work. Further, even if we can obtain the domainlabel as existing methods, we think this is just a sub-optimalpartition. To overcome the limitation, we propose domain dy-namic adjustment meta-learning (D2AM) without using do-main labels, which iteratively divides mixture domains viadiscriminative domain representation and trains a generaliz-able face anti-spoofing with meta-learning. Specifically, wedesign a domain feature based on Instance Normalization(IN) and propose a domain representation learning module(DRLM) to extract discriminative domain features for cluster-ing. Moreover, to reduce the side effect of outliers on cluster-ing performance, we additionally utilize maximum mean dis-crepancy (MMD) to align the distribution of sample featuresto a prior distribution, which improves the reliability of clus tering. Extensive experiments show that the proposed methodoutperforms conventional DG-based face anti-spoofing meth-ods, including those utilizing domain labels. Furthermore, weenhance the interpretability through visualizatio

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