Generalized Bures-Wasserstein Geometry for Positive Definite Matrices

20 Oct 2021  ·  Andi Han, Bamdev Mishra, Pratik Jawanpuria, Junbin Gao ·

This paper proposes a generalized Bures-Wasserstein (BW) Riemannian geometry for the manifold of symmetric positive definite matrices. We explore the generalization of the BW geometry in three different ways: 1) by generalizing the Lyapunov operator in the metric, 2) by generalizing the orthogonal Procrustes distance, and 3) by generalizing the Wasserstein distance between the Gaussians... We show that they all lead to the same geometry. The proposed generalization is parameterized by a symmetric positive definite matrix $\mathbf{M}$ such that when $\mathbf{M} = \mathbf{I}$, we recover the BW geometry. We derive expressions for the distance, geodesic, exponential/logarithm maps, Levi-Civita connection, and sectional curvature under the generalized BW geometry. We also present applications and experiments that illustrate the efficacy of the proposed geometry. read more

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