GGP: Glossary Guided Post-processing for Word Embedding Learning

LREC 2020  ·  Ruosong Yang, Jiannong Cao, Zhiyuan Wen ·

Word embedding learning is the task to map each word into a low-dimensional and continuous vector based on a large corpus. To enhance corpus based word embedding models, researchers utilize domain knowledge to learn more distinguishable representations via joint optimization and post-processing based models. However, joint optimization based models require much training time. Existing post-processing models mostly consider semantic knowledge while learned embedding models show less functional information. Glossary is a comprehensive linguistic resource. And in previous works, the glossary is usually used to enhance the word representations via joint optimization based methods. In this paper, we post-process pre-trained word embedding models with incorporating the glossary and capture more topical and functional information. We propose GGP (Glossary Guided Post-processing word embedding) model which consists of a global post-processing function to fine-tune each word vector, and an auto-encoding model to learn sense representations, furthermore, constrains each post-processed word representation and the composition of its sense representations to be similar. We evaluate our model by comparing it with two state-of-the-art models on six word topical/functional similarity datasets, and the results show that it outperforms competitors by an average of 4.1{\%} across all datasets. And our model outperforms GloVe by more than 7{\%}.

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