Hierarchical Deep Learning of Multiscale Differential Equation Time-Steppers

22 Aug 2020  ·  Yuying Liu, J. Nathan Kutz, Steven L. Brunton ·

Nonlinear differential equations rarely admit closed-form solutions, thus requiring numerical time-stepping algorithms to approximate solutions. Further, many systems characterized by multiscale physics exhibit dynamics over a vast range of timescales, making numerical integration computationally expensive due to numerical stiffness... In this work, we develop a hierarchy of deep neural network time-steppers to approximate the flow map of the dynamical system over a disparate range of time-scales. The resulting model is purely data-driven and leverages features of the multiscale dynamics, enabling numerical integration and forecasting that is both accurate and highly efficient. Moreover, similar ideas can be used to couple neural network-based models with classical numerical time-steppers. Our multiscale hierarchical time-stepping scheme provides important advantages over current time-stepping algorithms, including (i) circumventing numerical stiffness due to disparate time-scales, (ii) improved accuracy in comparison with leading neural-network architectures, (iii) efficiency in long-time simulation/forecasting due to explicit training of slow time-scale dynamics, and (iv) a flexible framework that is parallelizable and may be integrated with standard numerical time-stepping algorithms. The method is demonstrated on a wide range of nonlinear dynamical systems, including the Van der Pol oscillator, the Lorenz system, the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, and fluid flow pass a cylinder; audio and video signals are also explored. On the sequence generation examples, we benchmark our algorithm against state-of-the-art methods, such as LSTM, reservoir computing, and clockwork RNN. Despite the structural simplicity of our method, it outperforms competing methods on numerical integration. read more

PDF Abstract

Datasets


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper


  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.

Methods