HiFiSinger: Towards High-Fidelity Neural Singing Voice Synthesis

3 Sep 2020  ·  Jiawei Chen, Xu Tan, Jian Luan, Tao Qin, Tie-Yan Liu ·

High-fidelity singing voices usually require higher sampling rate (e.g., 48kHz) to convey expression and emotion. However, higher sampling rate causes the wider frequency band and longer waveform sequences and throws challenges for singing voice synthesis (SVS) in both frequency and time domains. Conventional SVS systems that adopt small sampling rate cannot well address the above challenges. In this paper, we develop HiFiSinger, an SVS system towards high-fidelity singing voice. HiFiSinger consists of a FastSpeech based acoustic model and a Parallel WaveGAN based vocoder to ensure fast training and inference and also high voice quality. To tackle the difficulty of singing modeling caused by high sampling rate (wider frequency band and longer waveform), we introduce multi-scale adversarial training in both the acoustic model and vocoder to improve singing modeling. Specifically, 1) To handle the larger range of frequencies caused by higher sampling rate, we propose a novel sub-frequency GAN (SF-GAN) on mel-spectrogram generation, which splits the full 80-dimensional mel-frequency into multiple sub-bands and models each sub-band with a separate discriminator. 2) To model longer waveform sequences caused by higher sampling rate, we propose a multi-length GAN (ML-GAN) for waveform generation to model different lengths of waveform sequences with separate discriminators. 3) We also introduce several additional designs and findings in HiFiSinger that are crucial for high-fidelity voices, such as adding F0 (pitch) and V/UV (voiced/unvoiced flag) as acoustic features, choosing an appropriate window/hop size for mel-spectrogram, and increasing the receptive field in vocoder for long vowel modeling. Experiment results show that HiFiSinger synthesizes high-fidelity singing voices with much higher quality: 0.32/0.44 MOS gain over 48kHz/24kHz baseline and 0.83 MOS gain over previous SVS systems.

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