High Dimensional Inference with Random Maximum A-Posteriori Perturbations

10 Feb 2016  ·  Tamir Hazan, Francesco Orabona, Anand D. Sarwate, Subhransu Maji, Tommi Jaakkola ·

This paper presents a new approach, called perturb-max, for high-dimensional statistical inference that is based on applying random perturbations followed by optimization. This framework injects randomness to maximum a-posteriori (MAP) predictors by randomly perturbing the potential function for the input... A classic result from extreme value statistics asserts that perturb-max operations generate unbiased samples from the Gibbs distribution using high-dimensional perturbations. Unfortunately, the computational cost of generating so many high-dimensional random variables can be prohibitive. However, when the perturbations are of low dimension, sampling the perturb-max prediction is as efficient as MAP optimization. This paper shows that the expected value of perturb-max inference with low dimensional perturbations can be used sequentially to generate unbiased samples from the Gibbs distribution. Furthermore the expected value of the maximal perturbations is a natural bound on the entropy of such perturb-max models. A measure concentration result for perturb-max values shows that the deviation of their sampled average from its expectation decays exponentially in the number of samples, allowing effective approximation of the expectation. read more

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