Higher-Order Quantum Reservoir Computing

16 Jun 2020  ·  Quoc Hoan Tran, Kohei Nakajima ·

Quantum reservoir computing (QRC) is an emerging paradigm for harnessing the natural dynamics of quantum systems as computational resources that can be used for temporal machine learning tasks. In the current setup, QRC is difficult to deal with high-dimensional data and has a major drawback of scalability in physical implementations. We propose higher-order QRC, a hybrid quantum-classical framework consisting of multiple but small quantum systems that are mutually communicated via classical connections like linear feedback. By utilizing the advantages of both classical and quantum techniques, our framework enables an efficient implementation to boost the scalability and performance of QRC. Furthermore, higher-order settings allow us to implement a FORCE learning or an innate training scheme, which provides flexibility and high operability to harness high-dimensional quantum dynamics and significantly extends the application domain of QRC. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework in emulating large-scale nonlinear dynamical systems, including complex spatiotemporal chaos, which outperforms many of the existing machine learning techniques in certain situations.

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