Impact of DER Communication Delay in AGC: Cyber-Physical Dynamic Simulation

7 May 2021  ·  Wenbo Wang, Xin Fang, Anthony Florita ·

Distributed energy resource (DER) frequency regulations are promising technologies for future grid operation. Unlike conventional generators, DERs might require open communication networks to exchange signals with control centers, possibly through DER aggregators; therefore, the impacts of the communication variations on the system stability need to be investigated. This paper develops a cyber-physical dynamic simulation model based on the Hierarchical Engine for Large-Scale Co-Simulation (HELICS) to evaluate the impact of the communication variations, such as delays in DER frequency regulations. The feasible delay range can be obtained under different parameter settings. The results show that the risk of instability generally increases with the communication delay.

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