Improving Document-Level Sentiment Classification Using Importance of Sentences

9 Mar 2021  ·  Gihyeon Choi, Shinhyeok Oh, Harksoo Kim ·

Previous researchers have considered sentiment analysis as a document classification task, in which input documents are classified into predefined sentiment classes. Although there are sentences in a document that support important evidences for sentiment analysis and sentences that do not, they have treated the document as a bag of sentences. In other words, they have not considered the importance of each sentence in the document. To effectively determine polarity of a document, each sentence in the document should be dealt with different degrees of importance. To address this problem, we propose a document-level sentence classification model based on deep neural networks, in which the importance degrees of sentences in documents are automatically determined through gate mechanisms. To verify our new sentiment analysis model, we conducted experiments using the sentiment datasets in the four different domains such as movie reviews, hotel reviews, restaurant reviews, and music reviews. In the experiments, the proposed model outperformed previous state-of-the-art models that do not consider importance differences of sentences in a document. The experimental results show that the importance of sentences should be considered in a document-level sentiment classification task.

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Text Classification IMDb Document Classification Using Importance of Sentences Accuracy (2 classes) - # 13
Accuracy (10 classes) 54.8 # 1
Document Classification IMDb-M Document Classification Using Importance of Sentences Accuracy 54.8 # 1


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