Improving Multi-hop Knowledge Base Question Answering by Learning Intermediate Supervision Signals

11 Jan 2021  ·  Gaole He, Yunshi Lan, Jing Jiang, Wayne Xin Zhao, Ji-Rong Wen ·

Multi-hop Knowledge Base Question Answering (KBQA) aims to find the answer entities that are multiple hops away in the Knowledge Base (KB) from the entities in the question. A major challenge is the lack of supervision signals at intermediate steps... Therefore, multi-hop KBQA algorithms can only receive the feedback from the final answer, which makes the learning unstable or ineffective. To address this challenge, we propose a novel teacher-student approach for the multi-hop KBQA task. In our approach, the student network aims to find the correct answer to the query, while the teacher network tries to learn intermediate supervision signals for improving the reasoning capacity of the student network. The major novelty lies in the design of the teacher network, where we utilize both forward and backward reasoning to enhance the learning of intermediate entity distributions. By considering bidirectional reasoning, the teacher network can produce more reliable intermediate supervision signals, which can alleviate the issue of spurious reasoning. Extensive experiments on three benchmark datasets have demonstrated the effectiveness of our approach on the KBQA task. The code to reproduce our analysis is available at https://github.com/RichardHGL/WSDM2021_NSM. read more

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Results from the Paper


Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Knowledge Base Question Answering ComplexWebQuestions NSM+h Accuracy 53.9 # 2
Semantic Parsing WebQuestionsSP NSM+h Accuracy 74.3 # 1

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