Information Recovery from Pairwise Measurements

6 Apr 2015  ·  Yuxin Chen, Changho Suh, Andrea J. Goldsmith ·

This paper is concerned with jointly recovering $n$ node-variables $\left\{ x_{i}\right\}_{1\leq i\leq n}$ from a collection of pairwise difference measurements. Imagine we acquire a few observations taking the form of $x_{i}-x_{j}$; the observation pattern is represented by a measurement graph $\mathcal{G}$ with an edge set $\mathcal{E}$ such that $x_{i}-x_{j}$ is observed if and only if $(i,j)\in\mathcal{E}$... To account for noisy measurements in a general manner, we model the data acquisition process by a set of channels with given input/output transition measures. Employing information-theoretic tools applied to channel decoding problems, we develop a \emph{unified} framework to characterize the fundamental recovery criterion, which accommodates general graph structures, alphabet sizes, and channel transition measures. In particular, our results isolate a family of \emph{minimum} \emph{channel divergence measures} to characterize the degree of measurement corruption, which together with the size of the minimum cut of $\mathcal{G}$ dictates the feasibility of exact information recovery. For various homogeneous graphs, the recovery condition depends almost only on the edge sparsity of the measurement graph irrespective of other graphical metrics; alternatively, the minimum sample complexity required for these graphs scales like \[ \text{minimum sample complexity }\asymp\frac{n\log n}{\mathsf{Hel}_{1/2}^{\min}} \] for certain information metric $\mathsf{Hel}_{1/2}^{\min}$ defined in the main text, as long as the alphabet size is not super-polynomial in $n$. We apply our general theory to three concrete applications, including the stochastic block model, the outlier model, and the haplotype assembly problem. Our theory leads to order-wise tight recovery conditions for all these scenarios. read more

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