Instance Segmentation by Deep Coloring

26 Jul 2018  ·  Victor Kulikov, Victor Yurchenko, Victor Lempitsky ·

We propose a new and, arguably, a very simple reduction of instance segmentation to semantic segmentation. This reduction allows to train feed-forward non-recurrent deep instance segmentation systems in an end-to-end fashion using architectures that have been proposed for semantic segmentation. Our approach proceeds by introducing a fixed number of labels (colors) and then dynamically assigning object instances to those labels during training (coloring). A standard semantic segmentation objective is then used to train a network that can color previously unseen images. At test time, individual object instances can be recovered from the output of the trained convolutional network using simple connected component analysis. In the experimental validation, the coloring approach is shown to be capable of solving diverse instance segmentation tasks arising in autonomous driving (the Cityscapes benchmark), plant phenotyping (the CVPPP leaf segmentation challenge), and high-throughput microscopy image analysis. The source code is publicly available:

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