Integrating Frequency Translational Invariance in TDNNs and Frequency Positional Information in 2D ResNets to Enhance Speaker Verification

6 Apr 2021  ·  Jenthe Thienpondt, Brecht Desplanques, Kris Demuynck ·

This paper describes the IDLab submission for the text-independent task of the Short-duration Speaker Verification Challenge 2021 (SdSVC-21). This speaker verification competition focuses on short duration test recordings and cross-lingual trials, along with the constraint of limited availability of in-domain DeepMine Farsi training data. Currently, both Time Delay Neural Networks (TDNNs) and ResNets achieve state-of-the-art results in speaker verification. These architectures are structurally very different and the construction of hybrid networks looks a promising way forward. We introduce a 2D convolutional stem in a strong ECAPA-TDNN baseline to transfer some of the strong characteristics of a ResNet based model to this hybrid CNN-TDNN architecture. Similarly, we incorporate absolute frequency positional encodings in an SE-ResNet34 architecture. These learnable feature map biases along the frequency axis offer this architecture a straightforward way to exploit frequency positional information. We also propose a frequency-wise variant of Squeeze-Excitation (SE) which better preserves frequency-specific information when rescaling the feature maps. Both modified architectures significantly outperform their corresponding baseline on the SdSVC-21 evaluation data and the original VoxCeleb1 test set. A four system fusion containing the two improved architectures achieved a third place in the final SdSVC-21 Task 2 ranking.

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