Integrating Tensor Similarity to Enhance Clustering Performance

10 May 2019  ·  Hong Peng, Yu Hu, Jiazhou Chen, Hai-Yan Wang, Yang Li, Hongmin Cai ·

The performance of most the clustering methods hinges on the used pairwise affinity, which is usually denoted by a similarity matrix. However, the pairwise similarity is notoriously known for its vulnerability of noise contamination or the imbalance in samples or features, and thus hinders accurate clustering. To tackle this issue, we propose to use information among samples to boost the clustering performance. We proved that a simplified similarity for pairs, denoted by a fourth order tensor, equals to the Kronecker product of pairwise similarity matrices under decomposable assumption, or provide complementary information for which the pairwise similarity missed under indecomposable assumption. Then a high order similarity matrix is obtained from the tensor similarity via eigenvalue decomposition. The high order similarity capturing spatial information serves as a robust complement for the pairwise similarity. It is further integrated with the popular pairwise similarity, named by IPS2, to boost the clustering performance. Extensive experiments demonstrated that the proposed IPS2 significantly outperformed previous similarity-based methods on real-world datasets and it was capable of handling the clustering task over under-sampled and noisy datasets.

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